The veteran actor, who died Friday in New York City, found fame on Broadway in the 1950s, starred in the TV series "Run for Your Life" in the 1960s and was closely identified on the big screen with independent filmmaker John Cassavetes.
The cause of death was pancreatic cancer, said his attorney Jay I. Julien. He was 81.
FOR THE RECORD:
Ben Gazzara obituary: An obituary of actor Ben Gazzara in the Feb. 4 LATExtra section omitted the name of Danja Gazzara, his daughter, from the list of surviving family members. —
During his 60-year acting career, Gazzara appeared in more than 100 films and TV movies, including the indie films he made with writer-director Cassavetes: "Husbands," "The Killing of a Chinese Bookie" and "Opening Night."
Late in life, Gazzara won an Emmy Award for his supporting role as the love interest of an aging waitress played by Gena Rowlands in the 2002 HBO drama "Hysterical Blindness."
He also received an Emmy nomination for the 1985 TV movie "An Early Frost," in which he and Rowlands played a middle-aged couple coping with the revelations that their son is gay and dying of AIDs.
Peter Bogdanovich, who directed Gazzara in two films — "Saint Jack" in 1979 and "They All Laughed" in 1981 — once described his working relationship with Gazzara as the best he'd ever had with an actor.
"Benny has the conscience of an artist, which is a rare thing," Bogdanovich told The Times in 1998.
An alumnus of the Actors Studio, Gazzara first gained notice in 1953 playing a sadistic bullying cadet at a military academy in an off-Broadway production of Calder Willingham's "End as a Man" that eventually moved to Broadway, marking Gazzara's debut there.
On Broadway in 1955, Gazzara also originated the role of Brick, the troubled, alcoholic son and husband in Tennessee Williams' "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof," directed by Elia Kazan. Later that year, he returned to Broadway to play junkie Johnny Pope in Michael V. Gazzo's drama "A Hatful of Rain," which garnered Gazzara a Tony Award nomination.
After making his movie debut starring in "The Strange One," the 1957 film version of "End as a Man," Gazzara resurfaced on the big screen two years later as Lee Remick's Army lieutenant husband, accused of murdering her alleged rapist, in director Otto Preminger's "Anatomy of a Murder."
On television in the 1960s, Gazzara played a police detective opposite Chuck Connors' attorney in the ABC series "Arrest and Trial." And from 1965 to 1968, Gazzara starred in "Run for Your Life," an NBC adventure series about a successful lawyer diagnosed with a terminal illness who decides to live life to the fullest in the time he has left.
"I hated it," Gazzara, who received two Emmy Award nominations for his work on the series, told the New York Daily News in 1999. "So predictable I could almost do the next show without reading the script."
The day he finished the last episode of "Run for Your Life," he ran into Cassavetes on the Universal lot. He had a passing acquaintance with the filmmaker from their days as struggling actors in New York, and Cassavetes told him that they would do a film together.
The picture was "Husbands," the 1970 drama about three suburban New York City commuters — Gazzara, Cassavetes and Peter Falk — whose lives are affected by the death of a middle-aged friend. The film received mixed reviews but led to an enduring friendship among the three actors.
Gazzara went on to star in Cassavetes' "The Killing of a Chinese Bookie" in 1976 and "Opening Night" in 1977.
"John created a climate where you could do no wrong," Gazzara said in 2005 in the Times Union of Albany, N.Y. "He allowed you to surprise yourself while he talked around the characters and the action."