1964 Voting Rights Act is unconstitutional.
In a 5-4 vote the court rejected a provision of the law that requires states with a history of voter discrimination to get federal approval before changing voting laws.
The justices said the law no longer reflects progress that's been made in the nation since it was enacted a half century ago.
The justices ruled Congress must go back to the drawing board and come up with a new formula for determining which parts of the country may still need to get advance federal approval before changing their election laws.
People on both sides are certainly passionate about this issue. Particularly in the Roanoke area.
Last November, voters in two of Roanoke City's precincts with predominately minority voters waited in lines as long as three hours to vote.
This prompted the city to re-evaluate its precincts and figure out a way to ensure everyone can vote. Several Democratic leaders have come out saying they're disappointed with the Supreme Courts ruling.
They're upset, saying it will enable discriminatory voter I-D practices that, in turn, disenfranchise minority voters.
"Last year you had to bring some form of ID and now you have to have a picture ID, I think there are certain states that continue to make this process more complicated when it should be an easy process," said City Councilman Sherman Lea.
But Republicans are saying there are enough safeguards in place to prevent discriminatory practices.
Ken Cuccinelli was in Roanoke Tuesday touring a factory for his gubernatorial campaign. He says Virginia's come a long way with race relations, saying the state voted in the first black governor ever twenty years ago and that the state's gone for Obama the past two elections.
"Virginia's changed a lot and come a long way and I don't think that we have institutional bigotry like we had 50 years ago in Virginia. So I don't think we need to go to the federal government and ask permission to change our election laws," said Cuccinelli.
This is clearly a very divisive issue, some civil rights advocates I talked to are saying this is a sad day and a big setback. The governor's office echoed what Ken Cuccinelli said that they're still going to do everything they can to prevent voter discrimination, something many civil rights leaders aren't buying.
In terms of what this means for the voting precinct realignment being discussed by Roanoke's City Council; technically, if city council approves a precinct realignment they don't need to go through the Department of Justice anymore.
But Melvin Williams with the electoral board says he expects City Council and the City Attorney's office to continue taking a long look at the precinct realignment before they decide to do it.