Test your Earth Day knowledge!
How much do you know about Earth Day?
(WDBJ) - Earth Day is now a global movement that started here in the United States. Prior to the establishment of Earth Day, the United States was objectively a different place with factories legally spewing black clouds of toxic smoke into the air or dumping tons of waste into nearby streams. A number of federal acts and organizations were started because of Earth Day that helped make our planet a cleaner place to live on.
We put together a dozen questions to test your knowledge of Earth Day and other environmental facts. Even if you can not get them all, you are bound to learn something new!
1: What California event in 1969 prompted the foundation of Earth Day?
Answer: A massive oil spill off the coast of Santa Barbara led to US Senator Gaylord Nelson’s establishment of Earth Day.
2. What two federal agencies were created because of the environmental movement sparked by Earth Day?
Answer: The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
3. Why was April 22nd chosen as the day to observe Earth Day?
Answer: April 22nd was chosen by Senator Nelson to attract college students—who were known to be more politically active during an era of protest. It fell between spring break and final exams.
4. What year did Earth Day go global?
Answer: 1990. 141 countries recognize the observance and helped start a more global and united movement to protect our planet.
5. How many years does it take for a plastic bottle to break down?
Answer: 450 years. Always consider whether something can be recycled or reused before throwing it out!
6. What renewable energy overtook coal and nuclear in the US this year?
Answer: Wind. However, natural gas continues to be the main electricity generation source. Source: Energy Information Administration.
7. What percentage of Americans walk to work?
Answer: About 3%. Less than 1% ride a bike according to a survey done in 2019 by the US Census Bureau.
8. True or False: The fashion industry in 2018 produced 4% of the world’s greenhouse emissions.
Answer: True. The fashion industry was responsible for nearly 2.1 billion metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions. Source: Global Fashion Agenda.
9. What percentage of the world’s wastewater flows back into the ecosystem untreated?
Answer: According to the United Nations, 80%. Around 1.8 billion people around the world utilize a drinking source that’s contaminated with feces.
10. True or False: Each of the past four decades has been increasingly warmer than any decade that came before?
Answer: True. Scientists concluded that greenhouse gas from human activities is behind the 1.1º C of warming between 1850 and 1900. Source: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
11. True or False: There are floating “islands” of trash in the Pacific that make up an area twice the size of Texas.
Answer: True. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch covers an estimated surface of 1.6 billion square miles. It is often located between Hawaii and California.
12. What activities can you do on Earth Day?
Answer: Anything! Litter picking, planting trees, turning off lights, conserving water. You can’t go wrong as long as you are taking steps to better our planet!
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